China’s dream; the Chinese dream
China’s spirit; the spirit of China; China’s character; China’s soul
keep power in the cage of systemic checks; Power should be placed under close oversight/checks
Power should be covered with antiseptic and be kept in a straitjacket; Power should be insulated from corruption.
Getting things done is more important than shouting/yelling; Don’t just shout/yell. Roll up sleeves and get things done!
Only the wearer knows whether his shoes f it.
One should not stick his head in the past when his body is already in the 21st century.
Governing a big country is as delicate as frying a small fish; A big country should be governed with the same care of frying a small fish.
Empty talk is harmful to the nation, while doing practical work will make it thrive.
maintain strategic focus/confidence/composure; keep to our strategic goals
In fighting corruption, we should go after both tigers and flies, that is, both the high and low-ranking officials who have benefited from graft.
One should face up to his responsibility.
The iron must be of good quality to be hammered / struck into a tool.
Worms can only grow in something that is already rotten.
If you fall behind, you will be bullied. Only by developing yourself can you thrive.
build positive energy to promote reform
The Communist Party of China should be open/receptive/responsive to sharp criticism.
Reform and opening up are not missions accomplished. Rather, they are a dynamic/ongoing process.
Step onto the stone and you should leave your footprint on it; clutch a piece of iron and you should leave your handprint on it. This means one should take forceful steps and deliver tangible results.
In learning about China, one should avoid making the mistake of the blind men who tried to learn about the elephant by feeling/touching it.
A leader/leading official should exercise his responsibility with utmost care/caution as if he were walking / treading on thin ice or standing on the edge of an abyss/cliff.
We must not slacken our efforts or be negligent of duty in the slightest way.
We should fully dedicate ourselves to our work/duty/mission.
We should abide by the Constitution and be loyal to the people.
We should follow people’s wishes in exercising governance.
We will take it as our sacred mission to realize people’s aspiration for a better life.
When/Where the government takes on a misplaced role, we should return the hand misplaced on the government to the market.
This means cutting one’s power, which is quite painful, like cutting one’s own arm. But we should have the resolve to do so. / But we are determined to make such sacrifice.
Bones may be broken, but they are still linked by sinews. The compatriots on both sides of the Taiwan Straits are siblings of the same family, and there is no knot between them that cannot be untied.
This will push through the society’s moral and psychological limit.
Only when one is upright himself can he ask others to be upright.
Holding government/public off ice and making money should be kept separate. You cannot have it both ways.
To ensure that the people lead a good life, the government should tighten belt/practice frugality/practice austerity/practice economy first.
In pursuing reform, we have entered uncharted/deep waters. But we must wade through these waters no matter how deep they are.
Taking away some of their vested interests is more difficult than changing their way of thinking.
We need to upgrade China’s economy.
We should put in place an action forcing mechanism to make both businesses and the government live up to their responsibilities.
38.行大道，民为本，利天下。Follow the fundamental truth, work for public good/put people’s interests first and bring benefits to all the people.